Different Types of Earlier Societies 

Even if in the modern world, humans have created a number of types of societies through time, scholars who study on prehistoric and tribal communities such as sociologists and anthropologists oftentimes distinguish a few basic types of societies. The way they defined these societies are mostly based on the technology they use.

Early Societies

Here is a list of the basic types of societies:

  1. Hunting and Gathering

This type of society has survived its way through time by hunting animals, gathering plants as well as fishing. Most of these societies have sprung in the past and in today’s world, only a few of them have survived and most are on the brink of extinction.

Humans of the early times depend on the environment around them. As soon as all the animals in the vicinity dies as well as the plants, when the rivers dry up, these groups are going to find a new habitat. This makes them very mobile. Thus, most of these societies are nomadic at best, moving continuously to find food and water.

  1. Pastoral

This next type of society was first seen walking on earth some 12,000 years ago. Their main source for food is through pasturing animals. Some of these societies are still existent even up to now, and could be found in North Africa where manufacturing are not viable.

Through practices on domesticating animals, these groups of people have provided themselves with more manageable supply of food in contrast with hunting and gathering. That means that this particular type of society are able to create surplus and goods, which necessarily created some techniques in food storage. Because of this storage process, people of this society are settled in a single place for a great sum of time as well as trade and exchange with other pastoral societies.

  1. Horticultural Society

In contrast with the pastoral societies that mostly rely their food supply on domesticating animals, horticultural societies are people that mostly rely on fruits, vegetables and other sorts of plants by cultivating them. These societies first emerged by the time that pastoral societies also appeared to walk on earth. However, this kind of society, just like gathering and hunting, need to be mobile to look for the right water supply, the right soil and many other factors. Even if they are capable of producing surplus and food storage, this would never be enough to suffice the needs of its people thus, they need to move from one place to another.

  1. Agricultural Societies

This particular variant of society makes use of some advances in technology to plant and cultivate crops in a relatively larger area. 8,500 years ago, Agricultural Revolution as presented by sociologists have happened to an event which refers to the changes in technology that made crops cultivation as well as animal farming has been hyped. Because there is an increase in supplies, population doubled and communities have been built. Greater surplus were produced and education systems was first established during this time.  This was a start to a greater era that explored on many facets of the society as source of food such as money, education, law, politics and even tourism.

Finally, there we now live in a modern society where almost everything is controlled by technology. We can shop online and look for services like law services, tow truck services, carpet cleaning services, pet grooming services and many more. We can shop online, communicate with people faster and transport faster.

So it’s evident that we evolved from being prehistoric until becoming the people we are now.

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