Different Types of Earlier Societies 

Even if in the modern world, humans have created a number of types of societies through time, scholars who study on prehistoric and tribal communities such as sociologists and anthropologists oftentimes distinguish a few basic types of societies. The way they defined these societies are mostly based on the technology they use.

Early Societies

Here is a list of the basic types of societies:

  1. Hunting and Gathering

This type of society has survived its way through time by hunting animals, gathering plants as well as fishing. Most of these societies have sprung in the past and in today’s world, only a few of them have survived and most are on the brink of extinction.

Humans of the early times depend on the environment around them. As soon as all the animals in the vicinity dies as well as the plants, when the rivers dry up, these groups are going to find a new habitat. This makes them very mobile. Thus, most of these societies are nomadic at best, moving continuously to find food and water.

  1. Pastoral

This next type of society was first seen walking on earth some 12,000 years ago. Their main source for food is through pasturing animals. Some of these societies are still existent even up to now, and could be found in North Africa where manufacturing are not viable.

Through practices on domesticating animals, these groups of people have provided themselves with more manageable supply of food in contrast with hunting and gathering. That means that this particular type of society are able to create surplus and goods, which necessarily created some techniques in food storage. Because of this storage process, people of this society are settled in a single place for a great sum of time as well as trade and exchange with other pastoral societies.

  1. Horticultural Society

In contrast with the pastoral societies that mostly rely their food supply on domesticating animals, horticultural societies are people that mostly rely on fruits, vegetables and other sorts of plants by cultivating them. These societies first emerged by the time that pastoral societies also appeared to walk on earth. However, this kind of society, just like gathering and hunting, need to be mobile to look for the right water supply, the right soil and many other factors. Even if they are capable of producing surplus and food storage, this would never be enough to suffice the needs of its people thus, they need to move from one place to another.

  1. Agricultural Societies

This particular variant of society makes use of some advances in technology to plant and cultivate crops in a relatively larger area. 8,500 years ago, Agricultural Revolution as presented by sociologists have happened to an event which refers to the changes in technology that made crops cultivation as well as animal farming has been hyped. Because there is an increase in supplies, population doubled and communities have been built. Greater surplus were produced and education systems was first established during this time.  This was a start to a greater era that explored on many facets of the society as source of food such as money, education, law, politics and even tourism.

Finally, there we now live in a modern society where almost everything is controlled by technology. We can shop online and look for services like law services, tow truck services, carpet cleaning services, pet grooming services and many more. We can shop online, communicate with people faster and transport faster.

So it’s evident that we evolved from being prehistoric until becoming the people we are now.

What are the Most Common Government Systems Around the World? 

When we talk about the different types of political systems, the most common types of governments is a kind of discussion that could get tricky. At the end of the day, political systems are similar to one another or originate from a single ideology. There are a lot of nations that practice different sorts of republic- all of which variants of democracy. When you have interest on studying the science of political, it could be very helpful to know the most common types of government around the world.

Government Systems

Being able to comprehend the differences between various political systems is one of the best practices that a person could do. It is worth to know the advantages of political systems rather than our own, and perhaps integrate some of the other countries’ ideologies into you own.

Here is a list of few of the most common types of government system around the world:

1. Democracy

Unite Sates is one of the most famous countries to practice democracy. In a traditional sense, democracy is a kind of government that allows all of the people of the country to participate. However, there are two main types of democracy:

a. Direct: This kind of democracy basically gives each individual the right to interfere in the workings of the government. Citizens of that particular country often show at meetings, directly affecting the processes that the government does, as well as the law-making process.

b. Representative: Citizens in a particular country often elect those representatives who would actually joins in the formation of the law. The United States often works through this principle. Citizens of the country elect government officials who are responsible in making laws as well as other government processes.

2. Republic

Theoretically, a republic is a government system that aims to let the government be subject to those individuals who are governed by that particular government. Some scholars would even say that a republic is defined as any nation that lets the citizens themselves legitimize government processes. Some of the variants of democracy often interchange with republic.

3. Monarchy

Monarchy, as many of us think, is a political system that originated from the medieval Europe. In this particular government system, a ruler is not necessarily chosen by the citizens of the country. A monarch is going to be considered a head of state until the moment he or she dies. The final word in all government processes always go to the monarchs.  There may be a lot of individuals who are going to create the law, but it is always the monarch who decides to pass these laws as well as how these laws are going to be enforced.

4. Communism

A communist country originated its ideologies on the ideologies of Marx. However, these ideologies and theories haven’t been proved even up to date. Communism is a form of government that is dominated by one group people. An economy is planed and mostly governed by the governing class, and the resources are often exhumed and then distributed to others, especially on the top of the system. Meaning, all citizens are required to do a certain job and may have limited life decisions. Communism, then, is an authoritarian political system.

There are different kinds of government and political systems, but all of them have things in common like big businesses, tourism, entertainment and many more.

How Societies Have Changed Over Time 

The financial crisis that is experienced by most societies nowadays is a symptom of our current society’s malfunction. However, financial crisis is only one of the many discrepancies that are currently happening in the society. A lot of individuals are aware of this change and transition that is happening on the ground. A new era is here. The educational system is one of the manifestations of these changes. Educating people is based on the kind of working environment they will be working on. However, jobs that exist a long time ago may not be applicable in the current society. Or even if these jobs are still existent, chances of grabbing these opportunities will be relatively low. Educational system that we have today are boxing people in.


The current society is also paralyzing the minds of it people. The society is cultivating the minds of the people to never be wrong because being wrong would create a trickledown effect to the society in the future as whole. This makes creativity die in vain. Because of this, people are fearsome of thinking out of the box. The system of society that we have today is programming clones which are burdened with finances and other monetary issues. Society needs to realize that we have changed in a great expense and therefore, it must mitigate the changes it faces.

Here are a few characteristics that the modern society has:

  1. Knowledge is vast. 

Knowledge and information can be easily accessed in our society today. The internet has revolutionized the way we do research and share information to one another. In fact, there exist open courses or that education that is given for free. All you have to do is own a PC and be connected with internet.

  1. Transparency is overrated

Business failures because of poor management, a celebrity slipped her way to the loo, everything is easily accessed and people around the world will know this information even in a split second. This is how transparency goes beyond the vision of the previous generation.

  1. Financial Crisis is Spreading

Because there is financial crisis everywhere, most people are recreating society. A lot of individuals are confused why some of the citizens actually protest. The way people protest is changed through the revolutionizing of the internet.

  1. Old organizations don’t function anymore

Since everything is changing, old organizations and groups of the previous time are already nonexistent. Jobs are being lost and opportunities that people once had is now absent because of the changes happening on the ground.

The world is changing, so as the society. What the people need to do is to always adjust to the changes that happen everywhere. In order for them to adapt and mitigate the effects of these changes, one need to be resilient and one must always prepare a plan B in order to survive in the long run. At the end of the day, the only constant thing happening in this world is change and nothing will ever be the same. Everything evolves, thus, one must always adapt to these changes.